BIG SABLE POINT LIGHTHOUSE

BIG SABLE POINT LIGHTHOUSE

Monday, September 4, 2017

LIGHTHOUSES-180


So......., I started this photo blog in September 2014. Throughout the next 36 months I traveled literally traveled over 20,000 of miles to sixteen different states and to Canada to photograph these lighthouses. As I saw these lighthouses I noticed how they varied greatly in style, sometimes it depended on the location on the surrounding terrain, and other times to the needed light's focal distance. Another difference in style was simply based on the architect/designer to have it blend in with the local community. Some of these lighthouses will reflect what we have always normally expected to see, while others will provide us a new perspective. A few of the lights are modern housings that have replaced the original typical lighthouse.  Another thing I learned was the difference in purpose of these lights. Although most of these "lighthouses" operate as we have usually imagined with an alternating rotating white light, there are other lights, named appropriately as Range Lights. These lights are ones strategically placed as position lights, to help navigate in harbors or around islands or obstacles. These lights may be white, red, or green. These are often set up as to help the ship safely approach the shore. Sadly a lot of these lighthouses are no longer in commission, replaced by modern beacons in stark metal poles. At a later time I will come back and put a notation on the post that is about these non-commissioned ones.
Please remember to see all of the lighthouses be sure to click on "older posts" at the bottom of each page.



COVE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MARYLAND                                                                                CHESAPEAKE BAY
POINT LOOKOUT LIGHTHOUSE-POINT LOOKOUT STATE PARK, MARYLAND                 CHESAPEAKE BAY
PINEY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-PINEY LOINT, MARYLAND                                                       POTOMAC RIVER
CRAIGHILL CHANNEL UPPER FRONT LIGHTHOUSE-FORT HOWARD, MARYLAND        CHESAPEAKE BAY
CRAIGHILL CHANNEL LOWER REAR LIGHTHOUSE-EDGEMERE, MARYLAND                  CHESAPEAKE BAY
CONCORD POINT LIGHTHOUSE-HAVRE DE GRACE, MARYLAND                                      CHESAPEAKE BAY
TURKEY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-ELK NECK STATE PARK, MARYLAND                                   CHESAPEAKE BAY
LISTON REAR RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-DELAWARE                                                                   DELAWARE BAY
LISTON FRONT RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-DELAWARE                                                                DELAWARE BAY
REEDY ISLAND REAR RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-DELAWARE                                                      DELAWARE BAY
FENWICK ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-FENWICK ISLAND, DELAWARE                                        ATLANTIC OCEAN
DELAWARE BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-CAPE HENLOPEN, DELAWARE                         ATLANTIC OCEAN
HARBOR OF REFUGE-CAPE HENLOPEN, DELAWARE                                                           ATLANTIC OCEAN
CAPE MAY-CAPE MAY, NEW JERSEY                                                                                       ATLANTIC OCEAN
HEREFORD INLET LIGHTHOUSE-NORTH WILDWOOD, NEW JERSEY                                  ATLANTIC OCEAN
EAST POINT LIGHTHOUSE-NEW JERSEY                                                                                  DELAWARE BAY
ABSECON LIGHTHOUSE, ATLANTIC CITY, NEW JERSEY                                                         ATLANTIC OCEAN
BARNEGAT LIGHTHOUSE-LONG ISLAND BEACH ISLAND, NEW JERSEY                              ATLANTIC OCEAN
SEA GIRT LIGHTHOUSE-SEA GIRT, NEW JERSEY                                                                      ATLANTIC OCEAN
NAVESINK LIGHTHOUSE-NAVESINK, NEW JERSEY                                                                  ATLANTIC OCEAN
CONOVER BEACON LIGHTHOUSE-LEONARDO, NEW JERSEY                                                ATLANTIC OCEAN
CELERAIN LIGHTHOUSE-COZUMEL, MEXICO                                                                           ATLANTIC OCEAN
PLUM ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-PLUM ISLAND, NEW YORK                                                        ATLANTIC OCEAN
ORIENT POINT LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                                  ATLANTIC OCEAN
LONG BEACH BAR LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                            ATLANTIC OCEAN
LITTLE GULL ISLAND-NEW YORK                                                                                                 ATLANTIC OCEAN
RACE ROCK LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                                        ATLANTIC OCEAN
NORTH DUMPLING LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                          ATLANTIC OCEAN
AVERY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT                                                  ATLANTIC OCEAN 
NEW LONDON LEDGE LIGHT-NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT                                                ATLANTIC OCEAN
NEW LONDON HARBOR LIGHT-NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT                                            ATLANTIC OCEAN
ROSE ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-RHODE ISLAND                                                                             ATLANTIC OCEAN
NEWPORT HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-NEWPORT, RHODE ISLAND                                            ATLANTIC OCEAN
CASTLE HILL LIGHTHOUSE-NEWPORT, RHODE ISLAND                                                          ATLANTIC OCEAN
BEAVERTAIL LIGHTHOUSE-JAMESTOWN, RHODE ISLAND                                                    ATLANTIC OCEAN
PLUM BEACH LIGHTHOUSE-RHODE ISLAND                                                                            ATLANTIC OCEAN
POINT JUDITH LIGHTHOUSE-POINT JUDITH, RHODE ISLAND                                               ATLANTIC OCEAN
WATCH HILL LIGHTHOUSE-WATCH HILL, RHODE ISLAND                                                     ATLANTIC OCEAN
STONINGTON HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-STONINGTON, CONNECTICUT                                 ATLANTIC OCEAN
SAYBROOK BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-OLD SAYBROOK, CONNECTICUT                         ATLANTIC OCEAN 
LYNDE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-OLD SAYBROOK, CONNECTICUT                                               ATLANTIC OCEAN
NEW HAVEN BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT                           ATLANTIC OCEAN
FIVE MILE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT                                              ATLANTIC OCEAN 
STRATFORD POINT LIGHTHOUSE-STRATFORD, CONNECTICUT                                            ATLANTIC OCEAN
TONGUE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-BRIDGEPORT, CONNECTICUT                                               ATLANTIC OCEAN
ESOPUS MEADOWS LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                        HUDSON RIVER
RONDOUT CREEK LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                            HUDSON RIVER
SAUGERTIES LIGHTHOUSE-SAUGERTIES, NEW YORK                                                             HUDSON RIVER
VERONA BEACH LIGHTHOUSE-VERONA BEACH, NEW YORK                                                ONEIDA LAKE
BREWERTON REAR RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-BREWERTON, NEW YORK                                  ONEIDA LAKE
HUDSON LIGHTHOUSE-HUDSON, NEW YORK                                                                         HUDSON RIVER
OSWEGO WEST PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-OSWEGO, NEW YORK                                         LAKE ONTARIO
SALMON RIVER LIGHTHOUSE-SELKIRK, NEW YORK                                                               LAKE ONTARIO
SODUS POINT OUTER LIGHTHOUSE-SODUS POINT-NEW YORK                                          LAKE ONTARIO
SODUS POINT LIGHTHOUSE-SODUS POINT, NEW YORK                                                       LAKE ONTARIO
BRADDOCK POINT LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                          LAKE ONTARIO
THIRTY MILE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-NEW YORK                                                                         LAKE ONTARIO
FORT NIAGARA LIGHTHOUSE-FORT NIAGARA, NEW YORK                                                    LAKE ONTARIO
BUFFALO NORTH BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-BUFFALO, NEW YORK                                 LAKE ERIE
BUFFALO INTAKE CRIB LIGHTHOUSE-BUFFALO, NEW YORK                                                  LAKE ERIE
BUFFALO MAIN LIGHTHOUSE-BUFFALO, NEW YORK                                                              LAKE ERIE
BUFFALO SOUTH ENTRANCE SOUTH SIDE LIGHTHOUSE-BUFFALO, NEW YORK                 LAKE ERIE
DUNKIRK LIGHTHOUSE-DUNKIRK, NEW YORK                                                                          LAKE ERIE
BARCELONA LIGHTHOUSE-BARCELONA, NEW YORK                                                               LAKE ERIE
ASHTABULA LIGHTHOUSE-ASHTABULA, OHIO                                                                          LAKE ERIE
CONNEAUT WEST BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-CONNEAUT, OHIO                                       LAKE ERIE
SAGINAW REAR RANGE LIGHT-ESSEXVILLE, MICHIGAN                                                          LAKE HURON
LUDINGTON NORTH BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-LUDINGTON, MICHIGAN                       LAKE MICHIGAN
MUSKEGON SOUTH BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-MUSKEGON, MICHIGAN                        LAKE MICHIGAN
MUSKEGON SOUTH PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-MUSKEGON, MICHIGAN                               LAKE MICHIGAN
CHICAGO HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-CHICAGO, ILLINOIS                                                             LAKE MICHIGAN
CHICAGO HARBOR SOUTHEAST GUIDEWALL LIGHTHOUSE-CHICAGO, ILLINOIS                LAKE MICHIGAN
WISCONSIN POINT LIGHTHOUSE-SUPERIOR, WISCONSIN                                                      LAKE SUPERIOR
SPLIT ROCK LIGHTHOUSE-MINNESOTA                                                                                      LAKE SUPERIOR
TWO HARBORS LIGHTHOUSE-TWO HARBORS, MINNESOTA                                                 LAKE SUPERIOR
TWO HARBORS BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-TWO HARBORS, MINNESOTA                       LAKE SUPERIOR
DULUTH HARBOR SOUTH BREAKWATER INNER LIGHTHOUSE- DULUTH, MINNESOTA    LAKE SUPERIOR
DULUTH HARBOR SOUTH BREAKWATER OUTER LIGHTHOUSE- DULUTH, MINNESOTA   LAKE SUPERIOR
DULUTH HARBOR NORTH BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-DULUTH, MINNESOTA                 LAKE SUPERIOR
RASPBERRY ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-RASPBERRY ISLAND, WISCONSIN                                   LAKE SUPERIOR
DEVILS ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-DEVILS ISLAND, WISCONSIN                                                    LAKE SUPERIOR
SAND ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-SAND ISLAND, WISCONSIN                                                        LAKE SUPERIOR
ASHLAND BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-ASHLAND, WISCONSIN                                            LAKE SUPERIOR
ONTONAGON WEST PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-ONTONAGON, MICHIGAN                          LAKE SUPERIOR 
ONTONAGON LIGHTHOUSE-ONTONAGON, MICHIGAN                                                      LAKE SUPERIOR        
BIG BAY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-BIG BAY, MICHIGAN                                                              LAKE SUPERIOR 
MARQUETTE HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-MARQUETTE, MICHIGAN                                        LAKE SUPERIOR          
SEUL CHOIX POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                       LAKE MICHIGAN
POINT IROQUOIS LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                          LAKE SUPERIOR
ERIE LAND LIGHTHOUSE-ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA                                                                    LAKE ERIE
PRESQUE ISLE NORTH PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE, ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA                            LAKE ERIE
PRESQUE ISLE LIGHTHOUSE-ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA                                                              LAKE ERIE
FAIRPORT HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-FAIRPORT, OHIO                                                             LAKE ERIE
FAIRPORT HARBOR WEST BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-FAIRPORT, OHIO                        LAKE ERIE
CLEVELAND HARBOR EAST PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-CLEVELAND, OHIO                          LAKE ERIE
CLEVELAND HARBOR WEST PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-CLEVELAND, OHIO                         LAKE ERIE
LORAINE LIGHTHOUSE-LORAINE, OHIO                                                                                  LAKE ERIE
HURON HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-HURON, OHIO                                                                      LAKE ERIE
WHITEFISH POINT LIGHTHOUSE-WHITEFISH POINT, MICHIGAN                                       LAKE SUPERIOR
CRISP POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                   LAKE SUPERIOR
GRAND MARAIS LIGHTHOUSE-GRAND MARIAS, MICHIGAN                                              LAKE SUPERIOR
AU SABLE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                         LAKE SUPERIOR
PERRY'S VICTORY MEMORIAL LIGHTHOUSE-SOUTH BASS ISLAND, OHIO                         LAKE ERIE
GRAND ISLAND EAST CHANNEL LIGHTHOUSE-GRAND ISLAND, MICHIGAN                      LAKE SUPERIOR
MUNISING RANGE LIGHTHOUSES-MUNISING, MICHIGAN                                                   LAKE SUPERIOR
GRAND ISLAND HARBOR RANGE LIGHTHOUSES-CHRISTMAS, MICHIGAN                         LAKE SUPERIOR
PORTAGE RIVER (JACOBSVILLE) LIGHTHOUSE-JACOBSVILLE, MICHIGAN                           LAKE SUPERIOR
MENDOTA LIGHTHOUSE-BETE GRISE HARBOR, MICHIGAN                                                  LAKE SUPERIOR
COPPER HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-COPPER HARBOR, MICHIGAN                                            LAKE SUPERIOR
EAGLE HARBOR RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-EAGLE HARBOR, MICHIGAN                                    LAKE SUPERIOR
EAGLE HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-EAGLE HARBOR, MICHIGAN                                                  LAKE SUPERIOR
EAGLE RIVER LIGHTHOUSE-EAGLE RIVER, MICHIGAN                                                            LAKE SUPERIOR
SAND HILLS LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                          LAKE SUPERIOR
KEWEENAW WATERWAY UPPER ENTRANCE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                LAKE SUPERIOR
SAND POINT LIGHTHOUSE-BARAGA, MICHIGAN                                                                       LAKE SUPERIOR
MENOMINEE NORTH PIER LIGHTHOUSE-MENOMINEE, MICHIGAN                                      LAKE MICHIGAN
GRASSY ISLAND RANGE LIGHTS-GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN                                                       LAKE MICHIGAN
CANA ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                                    LAKE MICHIGAN
SHERWOOD POINT LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                          LAKE MICHIGAN
EAGLE BLUFF LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                                     LAKE MICHIGAN
STURGEON BAY CANAL PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                LAKE MICHIGAN
STURGEON BAY CANAL LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                   LAKE MICHIGAN
ALGOMA PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-ALGOMA, MICHIGAN                                                        LAKE MICHIGAN
KEWAUNEE PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-KEWAUNEE, WISCONSIN                                              LAKE MICHIGAN
RAWLEY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                                  LAKE MICHIGAN
PORT WASHINGTON LIGHTHOUSE-PORT WASHINGTON, WISCONSIN                                  LAKE MICHIGAN
NORTH POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN                                                           LAKE MICHIGAN
MANITOWOC BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-MANITOWOC, WISCONSIN                                LAKE MICHIGAN
PORT WASHINGTON BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-PORT WASHINGTON, WISCONSIN        LAKE MICHIGAN
KEVICH LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                                                LAKE MICHIGAN
MILWAUKEE BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN                                    LAKE MICHIGAN
MILWAUKEE PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN                                           LAKE MICHIGAN
WIND POINT LIGHTHOUSE-WISCONSIN                                                                                       LAKE MICHIGAN
RACINE BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-RACINE, WISCONSIN                                                       LAKE MICHIGAN
KENOSHA PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-KENOSHA, WISCONSIN                                                      LAKE MICHIGAN
KENOSHA LIGHTHOUSE, KENOSHA, WISCONSIN                                                                         LAKE MICHIGAN
GROSSE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-EVANSTON, ILLINOIS                                                                    LAKE MICHIGAN
BUFFINGTON HARBOR BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-INDIANA                                                  LAKE MICHIGAN
MICHIGAN CITY PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN CITY, INDIANA                                       LAKE MICHIGAN
MCGULPIN'S POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                              LAKE MICHIGAN
OLD MACKINAC POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MACKINAC CITY, MICHIGAN                                      LAKE HURON
CHEBOYGAN RIVER FRONT RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-CHEBOYGAN, MICHIGAN                       LAKE HURON
CHEBOYGAN CRIB LIGHTHOUSE-CHEBOYGAN, MICHIGAN                                                    LAKE HURON
FORTY MILE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                           LAKE HURON
PRESQUE ISLE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                    LAKE HURON
"OLD" PRESQUE ISLE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                        LAKE HURON
STURGEON POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                             LAKE HURON
TAWAS POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                    LAKE HURON
POINTE AUX BARQUES LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                     LAKE HURON
HARBOR BEACH LIGHTHOUSE-HARBOR BEACH, MICHIGAN                                                  LAKE HURON
PORT SANILAC LIGHTHOUSE-PORT SANILAC, MICHIGAN                                                       LAKE HURON
LITTLE TRAVERSE LIGHTHOUSE-HARBOR SPRINGS, MICHIGAN                                             LAKE MICHIGAN
MISSION POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                 LAKE MICHIGAN
GRAND TRAVERSE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                             LAKE MICHIGAN
POINT BETSIE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                     LAKE MICHIGAN
FRANKFORT NORTH BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-FRANKFORT, MICHIGAN                        LAKE MICHIGAN
MANISTEE NORTH PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-MANISTEE, MICHIGAN                                    LAKE MICHIGAN
BIG SABLE LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                           LAKE MICHIGAN
LITTLE SABLE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                          LAKE MICHIGAN
WHITE RIVER LIGHTHOUSE-MICHIGAN                                                                                      LAKE MICHIGAN
GRAND HAVEN LIGHTHOUSE-GRAND HAVEN, MICHIGAN                                                     LAKE MICHIGAN
HOLLAND HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE-HOLLAND, MICHIGAN                                                        LAKE MICHIGAN
SOUTH HAVEN SOUTH PIER LIGHTHOUSE-SOUTH HAVEN, MICHIGAN                                LAKE MICHIGAN
ST. JOSEPH NORTH PIER LIGHTHOUSES-ST.JOSEPH, MICHIGAN                                            LAKE MICHIGAN
MARBLEHEAD LIGHTHOUSE-MARBLEHEAD, OHIO                                                                    LAKE ERIE
FT. GRATIOT LIGHTHOUSE-PORT HURON, MICHIGAN                                                              LAKE ERIE
BURLINGTON CANAL LIGHTHOUSE-BURLINGTON, ONTARIO                                                  LAKE ONTARIO
BALD HEAD ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-BALD HEAD ISLAND, NORTH CAROLINA                          ATLANTIC OCEAN
SAND POINT LIGHTHOUSE-ESCANABA, MICHIGAN                                                                 LAKE MICHIGAN
OAK ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-OAK ISLAND, NORTH                                                                     ATLANTIC OCEAN
MANISTIQUE EAST BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE-MANISTIQUE, MICHIGAN                        LAKE MICHIGAN
SOUTH BASS ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-SOUTH BASS ISLAND, OHIO                                           LAKE ERIE
CAPE LOOKOUT LIGHTHOUSE-CAPE LOOKOUT, NORTH CAROLINA                                     ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCRACOKE LIGHTHOUSE-OCRACOKE ISLAND, NORTH CAROLINA                                       ATLANTIC OCEAN
CAPE HATTERAS LIGHTHOUSE-HATTERAS ISLAND, NORTH CAROLINA                               ATLANTIC OCEAN
BODIE ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE-OUTER BANKS, NORTH CAROLINA                                          ATLANTIC OCEAN
CURRITUCK BEACH LIGHTHOUSE-COROLLA, NORTH CAROLINA                                          ATLANTIC OCEAN
CAPE HENRY LIGHTHOUSE-FORT STORY, VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA                                ATLANTIC OCEAN
"OLD" CAPE HENRY LIGHTHOUSE- FORT STORY, VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA                   ATLANTIC OCEAN

"OLD" POINT COMFORT LIGHTHOUSE-FORT MONROE, HAMPTON, VIRGINIA                ATLANTIC OCEAN

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

COVE POINT LIGHTHOUSE-MARYLAND









                                                                                                                  Cove Point Light Station in 1928
                                                                                                            Photograph courtesy U.S. Coast Guard

This light was built in 1828 by John Donahoo, who erected a 36 foot brick conical tower along the plan that he has used at several other sites in the Bay. In 1825 Congress had allocated funds to build a light at Cedar Point, four miles south at the mouth of the Patuxent River, but further consideration led to a decision to mark Cove Point and the shoal which jutted into the bay. A new appropriation in 1828 allowed construction of the light and the keepers house in the same year. James Somerville was the first keeper of the light, which first shown in December 1828
The original Argand lamps were replaced in 1855 with a fifth-order Fresnel lens; this in turn was upgraded to a fourth-order lens in 1857. A fog bell added in 1837 was moved several times and was mounted on both wood and iron frames before ending up on the roof of a wooden shed built in 1902 to house a fog horn.The foghorn equipment was moved in 1950 to a separate brick building, but the fog bell remains on the shed. Erosion was a significant problem, but was eventually brought under control through a seawall initially constructed in 1892 and upgraded in 1913 and 1993.
The keeper's house was enlarged in 1881 when it was converted to a duplex with housing for two keepers and their families, and again in 1925 when inside kitchens were installed. In 1950 a separate small house was built as a home to a third keeper and his family.
The lighthouse was completely automated in 1986. Cove Point remains an active aid to navigation and is the oldest continuously operating lighthouse on the Chesapeake Bay.

Focal Height: 45' (14 m), Range: 12 nautical miles (22 km), Characteristic: flashing white-10sec


POINT LOOKOUT LIGHTHOUSE-POINT LOOKOUT STATE PARK, MARYLAND







                                                                                                         Point Lookout Lighthouse with windmill in 1930
                                                                                                            Photograph courtesy of U.S. Coast Guard

On May 3, 1825, the Federal Government decided that a light was needed at Point Lookout to warn ships of the shoals and to mark the entrance to the Potomac River, and appropriated $1,800 for the project. The owner, Jenifer Taylor refused the offer of $500 for the land, though he apparently offered to accept this price if he was named keeper. The purchase was delayed and eventually a county commission set a value of $1,150. Because of the cost overruns for the land purchase, Congress appropriated $4,500 on May 23, 1828, and awarded a contract on July 22, 1830 to John Donahoo for $3,050. Donahoo built a story-and-a-half house which was first lit on September 20, 1830 by keeper James Davis. Davis died a few months after taking the oath of office and his daughter, Ann Davis, kept the light until 1847.
In 1854 the light was upgraded with a fourth-order Fresnel lens. The Civil War completely transformed the point. First, the Hammond General Hospital was built in 1862 to care for the Union wounded. In 1863, Confederate prisoners began to be held at the hospital, and soon Camp Hoffman, a vast prison camp was built, eventually holding 20,000 prisoners, of whom more than 3,000 died to the harsh conditions, limited food rations and poor shelter from the elements.
A fog bell tower was added in 1873. In 1883, the lighthouse was raised to two full stories with a summer kitchen and additional bedroom added at the southwest corner. Also in 1883, a buoy repair depot was built on the south side of the light; in 1884, a coal storage shed was built to the south of the buoy repair depot. The new structures obscured the fog bell, which was then replaced with a new fog bell on the east end of the coal storage shed. In 1927, the lighthouse was converted to a duplex, more than doubling the size of the building. The duplex allowed for a keeper and assistant keeper to live on-site and still have some privacy.
The light was served by civilian and Coast Guard Keepers. In 1939, the United States Coast Guard took over control of all U.S. lighthouses, and the keepers were pressured, but not required, to join the Coast Guard. In 1951, The United States Navy began buying property around the light. On January 11, 1966, the light was deactivated and the structures were turned over to the Navy.
The fog bell tower was moved to the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum in 1968. Throughout the 1960s the State of Maryland purchased land north of the lighthouse and carved out Point Lookout State Park. In 2006, the light was turned over to Maryland as a part of a land-swap deal.
With the history of the approximate 4,000 soldiers who died at the camp, and their remains being interred near the lighthouse grounds, and all the the trauma and death associated with the prison camp, it may be responsible for the large number of strange, paranormal events that have been reported by visitors to the lighthouse. Point Lookout is, in fact, the only light station on the Chesapeake that has been subject to the services of paranormal psychologists. These investigators were able to record twenty-four distinct voices engaged in speaking and singing in various parts of the lighthouse. One voice remarked, “fire if they get too close to you,” which is thought to be the words of a Union guard in the prison camp. A happier ghost is believed to be that of former keeper Ann Davis, who said the words “my home.” The figure of Ann Davis has also reportedly been seen standing at the head of the lighthouse’s stairs clothed in a blue skirt and a white blouse.

Height: 41' (12 m), original height: 24' (7.3 m)

PINEY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-PINEY POINT, MARYLAND






                                                                                                                      Piney Point Lighthouse in 1912
                                                                                                             Photograph courtesy of U.S. Coast Guard

Located fourteen miles up the Potomac River from the Chesapeake Bay, Piney Point Lighthouse is situated on the Maryland shore of the river. A lightship had been stationed in the area since 1821 to mark hazardous shoals at Piney Point and at Ragged Point on the opposite shore. In 1835, Congress set aside $5,000 for construction of a land-based beacon to replace the lightship, and the contract was awarded to the prolific lighthouse builder John Donahoo. Piney Point Lighthouse was the tenth of twelve he would complete in his lifetime. 
First lit in September 1836, Piney Point Lighthouse is much like most of Donahoo’s other towers – a thick and blocky structure in the form of a truncated cone. The tower has a thirteen-foot diameter at the base, where its walls are four-feet thick, and tapers to a seven-foot diameter at the top, where the walls are only eighteen inches thick. The door to the structure is just five feet high, and is set in a threshold that is a single piece of stone. Donahoo’s works were cheap and sturdy, allowing him to make low bids that were to the liking of the frugal Fifth Auditor of the Treasury, Stephen Pleasanton. Since Pleasanton held great sway over lighthouse construction for three decades, John Donahoo’s building style was repeatedly endorsed.
Twenty-six-foot-tall Piney Point originally employed ten lamps, set in spherical reflectors, to produce a fixed white light. In addition to the tower, Donahoo built a three-room, one-story keeper’s dwelling topped by an A-line roof. The small twenty by thirty-foot house contained a dining room, parlor, fireplace, and cellar, and had an attached ten by twelve-foot kitchen. In 1884, a second story was added to the structure, greatly improving the keeper’s comfort level.
On June 5, 1855, the old lighting apparatus of ten oil lamps and fifteen-inch reflectors was replaced by a more efficient fifth-order Fresnel lens, increasing the lighthouse’s visibility from ten to eleven miles. In March 1880, a thirty-foot, wooden fog bell tower, built in the Victorian style, was added to the station to aid mariners in low-visibility conditions. Painted white, this tower stood fifteen feet west of the lighthouse and possessed a mechanical striker that tolled the bell every twenty seconds during thick and foggy weather. A  long reed horn replaced the bell in 1936. The old bell tower was torn down after being heavily damaged by Hurricane Hazel in 1954.
The keeper’s job was ultimately eliminated with the onset of automation, and Piney Point Light Station was decommissioned completely in 1964. For many years the Coast Guard kept the property as housing for its personnel, but in 1980 it deeded the grounds to St. Mary’s County. The lighthouse and other buildings were given to the Department of Recreation and Parks, and this organization allowed the St. Clement’s Island-Potomac River Museum to take over operation of the site. Though the light is no longer an aid to navigation, the museum sometimes activates the light at night.

CRAIGHILL CHANNEL UPPER FRONT LIGHTHOUSE-FORT HOWARD, MARYLAND



CRAIGHILL CHANNEL LOWER REAR LIGHTHOUSE-EDGEMERE, MARYLAND







Height: 105' (32 m), Range: 16 Nautical Miles (30 km), Characteristic: Fixed white

CONCORD POINT LIGHTHOUSE-HAVRE DE GRACE, MARYLAND





Concord Point Lighthouse at Havre de Grace, Maryland was established to warn seafaring vessels away from the treacherous currents and shoals near the mouth of the Susquehanna River. Master builder John Donahoo was responsible for the construction of the lighthouse in his hometown, where he also served multiple terms as a Havre de Grace town commissioner. At the time of its decommissioning in 1975, Concord Point Lighthouse had the distinction of being the oldest beacon in continuous use in Maryland. The 484-square-foot lighthouse tract was deeded to the federal government by the town commissioners in 1826, and on May 18 of that year Congress provided $2,500 for the lighthouse and added $1,500 to this amount on March 2, 1827. Donahoo built the thirtysix-foot-tall lighthouse and the associated keeper’s dwelling, which was located 200 feet away, between May and November of 1827. The lighthouse, a truncated conical tower topped by a lantern and deck, was built with Port Deposit granite, barged down the Susquehanna River. The tower’s walls are three feet, three inches thick at the base, where the inside diameter of the tower is eleven feet, and taper to a thickness of one-and-a-half-feet at the lantern room. A tongue and groove mahogany door, identical to one used at Pooles Island light, originally guarded the entranceway, while a spiral staircase made of triangular granite steps leads to a quarter-circular stone landing, from which the lantern may be accessed by climbing a slightly angled iron ship’s ladder. The lantern floor is composed of radially cut stone pieces, which are held in place by flat iron keys. The storm panels in the lantern are secured by iron mullions cast in an unusual fin shape. The original illuminating apparatus consisted of multiple lamps, each with its own sixteen-inch reflector. In 1854, a sixth-order Fresnel lens was installed. This was later upgraded to a fifth-order Fresnel lens. The lighthouse was automated in 1920.
Concord Point Lighthouse was decommissioned in 1975, and shortly thereafter the Fresnel lens mysteriously disappeared from the tower. The tower was restored in 1981, and in 1983 a fifth-order Fresnel lens, on loan from the Coast Guard, was mounted in the lantern room
Concord Point Lighthouse is currently listed as a private aid to navigation, exhibiting a light from its fifth-order Fresnel lens. Some insist that the present lens, on loan from the Coast Guard and the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, is in fact the original one that disappeared in 1975.

Monday, August 21, 2017

TURKEY POINT LIGHTHOUSE-ELK NECK STATE PARK, MARYLAND








                                                                                                                Turkey Point Lighthouse 1915-1920
                                                                                                          Photograph courtesy of  U.S. Coast Guard

The Turkey Point Lighthouse is a historic lighthouse at the head of Chesapeake Bay. Although it is only a 35-foot (11 m) tower, the 100-foot height of the bluffs on which it stands makes it the third highest light off the water in the bay.
Congress appropriated $5,000 for this light in early 1833, which was built by John Donahoo and completed in July 1833. He followed essentially the same plan as he had used for the Concord Point Lighthouse. The light originally used eleven wicks and reflectors, but in 1855 a fourth-order Fresnel lens with a single lamp was substituted, with the lantern upgraded in 1867 to fit the news lens better. The lighting arrangements were upgraded several times over the years, with electrification coming in 1942. Its automation in 1947 brought the retirement of Fannie Salter, the last woman lighthouse keeper in the United States.
Along with the tower, Donahoo built a keeper's house. Originally a single story, it was raised to two stories in 1889. The site also housed an unusual fog bell enclosure, built in 1888. Due to the height of the bluff, it was decided to put the bell as low to the ground as possible. To accommodate the weight for the ringing mechanism, a thirty-foot well was dug and the enclosure placed over them. During World War II a watchtower was placed atop the bell enclosure.  In 1972 the house had greatly decayed and was torn down. In 2000 the light was decommissioned and leased to Turkey Point Light Station (TPLS) Inc., a non-profit organization which has taken over maintenance of the structure; the group reactivated the light as a private aid to navigation in 2002.

Saturday, August 19, 2017

LISTON REAR RANGE LIGHTHOUSE-DELAWARE






                                                                                                                 Liston Rear Range Lighthouse in 1933
                                                                                                              Photograph Courtesy of U.S. Coast Guard

Liston Rear Range Lighthouse is Delaware’s tallest lighthouse and also the one farthest from the water, standing three miles inland from the riverside location of its companion front range light. Vessels bound upstream pick up the piercing lights of Liston Range, the longest navigable range in the United States, near Ship John Shoal Lighthouse, which is located roughly seventeen miles from the front light. After following Liston Range from Delaware Bay to the mouth of Delaware River, vessels will alternately encounter red and green range lights as they continue upriver. Due to the length of the channel it covers, Liston Range must exhibit white lights, unlike the colored lights of the other range lights on the river. Liston Rear Range Lighthouse is the only range light on Delaware River to retain its powerful Fresnel lens; all others have been removed in favor of modern optics that are easier to service and maintain.
Liston Rear Range Lighthouse had elsewhere its beginnings. Built by Kellogg Bridge Company of Buffalo, New York, the wrought iron tower originally served as Port Penn Rear Range Lighthouse. The 120-foot tower was first lit on April 2, 1877 and helped guide ships from Ship John Shoal to Dan Baker Buoy until the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers realigned the shipping channel served by Port Penn Range. On October 25, 1904, temporary lights were established on Liston Range to serve the newly created channel, and Port Penn Range was discontinued. Since the expense of relocating the tower from Port Penn Rear Range Station to Liston Rear Range Station was estimated to be one-third the cost of a new tower, the Lighthouse Board contracted John L. Grim of Philadelphia to make the move.The skeleton iron tower at the abandoned Port Penn rear light-station was moved to the present site and re-erected by contract on a new foundation. On May 15, 1906, the light was removed from the temporary lantern post and placed in the lantern of the re-erected tower. A second order range lens with lamps was ordered. The station was electrified sometime in the 1930s, allowing the station to be fully automated and the dwellings to be sold. Only the small parcel of land around the base of the tower was retained by the government. On May 3, 2004, the Delaware River & Bay Lighthouse Foundation signed a thirty-year lease on Liston Rear Range Lighthouse with the Coast Guard and assumed responsibility for the maintenance and preservation of the historic tower.

LISTON FRONT RANGE LIGHT-DELAWARE





                                                                                                                 Liston Front Range Lighthouse in 1913
                                                                                                                 Photograph courtesy U.S. Coast Guard